Legend has it that Roman twins Romulus and Remus were separated from their mothers and starved to death by the Tiber River. However, the female wolves found them and took care of them. Years later, these boys were instructed by Mars, the god of the Roman war, to build a city in the place where they were discovered. They built the city but declared war on each other. Romulus won, so the city is called Rome.
It is said that the life of ancient Rome began in the 8th or 9th century BC. This happened when the northern warriors moved to the Italian peninsula and rehabilitated around the Tiber River. For centuries, Rome was considered to be the most important city in the expanding Roman Empire. Rome is the capital and has all the power.
In the historical period, Rome was ruled by the king. These kings enjoy a very cruel reputation. Therefore, the last king, the proud Tauquin, was overthrown and Rome gained the status of the Republic for the next four centuries. Rome was subsequently ruled by the Senate. The Romans elected the senators who performed administrative tasks. A notable feature of the Roman Empire was that only Roman referents were allowed to vote during the election. However, women, the poor and slaves are not considered citizens.
Rome also experienced a stage of being ruled by military generals. However, due to the large number of these generals, decision making becomes a problem. The Romans needed an emperor to concentrate power. This appeared in the form of Augustus Caesar, who came to power in 27 BC
When Christianity became popular, Rome became an important location for the Roman Catholic Church and the home of the Pope. With the advent of the Middle Ages, mankind saw the decline of the Roman Empire. Despite the continual decline of the empire, the city continued to regain its reputation as the political capital of Europe until the Renaissance. Even today, Rome is still the capital of Italy with its beautiful architecture and culture, still strong and prominent.