Tanzania has beautiful nature and extraordinary wildlife. It is the largest country in East Africa, with nearly one million square kilometers [386,109 square miles]. Agriculture dominates the economy, and most of its crop exports include coffee, tea, cotton, cashews, sisal, cloves and pyrethrum. Although some unreliable cash flows have frustrated farmers, government intervention is having a significant and positive impact on the country's economy.
In 1986, to help improve the country's economy, the Tanzanian government instituted new policies, including reducing budget deficits, relaxing trade policies and reducing food crop restrictions. In addition, Tanzania's foreign direct investment increased by 16% in 2007 due to substantial US funding and numerous international groups in the mining, agriculture, gas and oil, insurance and tourism industries that increased staff and operations in the country.
Tanzania is growing at an annual rate of about 4%. It has now become a fully integrated society and is developing into one of Africa's most dynamic economies. Dodoma is the capital and is the seat of the country's parliament and government agencies. It is located 440 kilometers [273 miles] west of the commercial capital Dar es Salaam. Dar es Salaam is a city with more than five centuries of history. It is a mixture of African, Arab, Asian and European cultures. Tanzanians are very friendly and will do everything in their power to stop assisting foreigners.
For those flying to Dar es Salaam for the first time, they will see large palm trees and muddy houses. Once the building has fallen to the ground, it will be built randomly and not very clean. In contrast, international hotels are of good quality and well located to take full advantage of the sea view.
The city is divided into 4 different areas: the "city center" is a mix of office buildings, hotels, restaurants, bars, night clubs, parks and sports facilities. The "Peninsula" is where most diplomats and expats live. It has spectacular sea views, local restaurants, shops, hotels, and a sailing club. Then there are coastal houses and resorts 20 to 30 kilometers [12 to 19 miles] north-south from Dar es Salaam. Unfortunately, the rest of the city is characterized by cheap housing, with three to four million people living near the poverty line.
Over the past 15 years, Dar es Salaam has drastically transformed from socialism to a more capitalist government. The influx of diplomats, large businesses and foreign aid has led to a gradual improvement in the living standards of the local people. Infrastructure and utilities are improving every year-frequent power failures in the past have become less common. Water and sewage problems remain serious on designated government lists.
Swahili is the official language of Tanzania, but English is almost always used in business communication. A person can easily work in the city without knowing Swahili, but learning it does make it easier to assimilate, shop and exchange in the local community.
Politeness and greetings to Tanzanians is the most important thing you can remember, and it is best done in Swahili. Visitors should try not to raise their voice even if they try to be patient. Dar es Salaam is a Muslim environment and should know very well Muslim customs.
Dar es Salaam is hot most of the year, and unless your office or house is equipped with a fan or good air conditioning system, it is usually at a high temperature of 30 degrees Celsius [86 degrees Fahrenheit]. Feeling tired, in the summer, the humidity is close to 40 degrees Celsius [104 degrees Fahrenheit], and the humidity is very close to 100%. Showers come and go without much notice. On weekends, one can go to one of the many beaches to escape the heat.
Foreigners seeking to enter Tanzania should hold a valid passport. Passports should be presented to immigration officials at any point of entry, border post, airport or port. A visa, residence permit or pass must be provided for use by travelers en route to other destinations.
There are five types of visas: "ordinary visas" are issued by any foreign mission in Tanzania. However, if you do not have a visa to arrive at the checkpoint, you can obtain a visa at the port of entry for a fee of $ 50. A "business visa" called a CTA is issued to potential investors or business people interested in investing. Make professional connections. Valid for two months. In addition to the entry visa fee, it costs $ 100. If a businessman leaves the country, he needs to obtain an entry visa and a CTA visa again upon entry. "Multiple entry visas" are issued to foreigners and due to commercial commitments, foreigners must enter multiple times. The validity period can be from one month to one year. A "Recommended Visa" requires special clearance from the Director or Chief Immigration Officer of the Zanzibar Immigration Service. This usually applies to people from Lebanon, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nigeria, Somalia, refugees, stateless people and any other country designated by the authorities. The application is for any Tanzanian mission abroad and cannot be obtained at the point of entry. Finally, a "transit visa" is issued for those who wish to cross Tanzania, valid for two weeks. It applies to people who hold renewals.
Visas can be obtained at the airport or, if arriving by land or sea, at the port of entry. Although the government has officially stopped obtaining yellow fever vaccine certificates, it is recommended that you obtain and carry a valid yellow fever vaccine certificate. Weapons, pornographic materials, fresh food and cars that have been in existence for more than 10 years should not be brought into Tanzania.
There are two types of work permits, each requiring different documents, including resumes, cover letters, academic credentials, and personal photos. A special type of work permit is specifically for those who have successfully applied and have rare qualifications or skills. These are usually awarded to highly skilled occupations that are not easily found in the local labor market, including doctors, pilots, lawyers and accountants.
With a residence permit, spouses and family members are allowed to stay in Tanzania during the stay of a working relative. They usually do not work, but there are some exceptions based on specific conditions. A passport is the main document used to verify Tanzanian identity. Apart from obtaining a Tanzanian driver's license, no other documents are required.
The local currency is the Tanzanian Shilling [Shilingi]. Banknotes are TSH 10,000 [red, elephant], TSH 5,000 [purple, rhino], TSH 1,000 [blue, late Nirere President], TSH 500 [green, buffalo] and TSH 2,00 [brown, zanzi] Barborg]. The coins are TSH 200, 100, 50 and 25. TSH20, 10 and 5 are no longer in circulation and although they can still be used in banks, they are no longer issued or used. The exchange bureaus are located throughout the city. Prices vary, so it's wise to shop around. The hotel will also exchange foreign currency, but the exchange rate is higher.
Cash is the most commonly used payment method in daily consumption [such as grocery, etc.]. It's essential for things like cooking gas, car fuel, restaurants, bars, taxi drinks and most other everyday consumption. Recently, larger stores have started accepting Visa and MasterCard, and American Express cards are accepted in some places, but cash is still recommended in the event of problems with unreliable machines.
Credit cards are accepted at hotels and some select restaurants, but there is a 5% charge. In most cases, you will need Tanzanian shillings. Foreign cash is accepted, but the exchange rate is shocking. Some agencies insist on paying in U.S. dollars, but you have the right to pay in shillings. However, you are likely to get a worse exchange rate.
As a foreigner, you can open a private bank account with a minimum deposit of 50,000 Tanzanian shillings, $ 1,000, and sometimes € 1,000, but you need a work / residence permit, two passport-sized photos, and a power of attorney from Make a cash deposit with your employer. All banks use English and Swahili as communication languages. As long as you have enough funds, you can transfer and remit any amount of currency abroad. Instead, you can import any amount, but it will be converted into the currency of your account.
Banking hours on weekdays are usually from 08:30 am to 15:30 pm, and on Saturdays, from 09:00 am to noon. There are more than 30 banks, of which Barclays, Standard Chartered Bank, Stanbic, Voda Baroda, FBME and Citibank are well-known internationally. Most banks have ATMs and offer Visa and MasterCard facilities. Cash is distributed in Tanzanian shillings. Typically, up to 40,000 TSH can be extracted at a time. Generally, travellers' cheques can only be accepted and exchanged at banks, hotels and money exchange offices. Credit cards are slowly being introduced, but cash is the only acceptable bidding method when dealing with locals.
The most important factor to consider when looking for a place to live in your city is your budget. The cost of accommodation is extremely high and the standard is relatively low. Another factor to consider is the distance between work and school, as congestion is a problem, especially in the morning.
Oyster Bay and Peninsula are two of the most popular expatriate settlements. Rentals in Oyster Bay and Peninsula range from $ 2,500 to $ 15,000 per month. The most famous and popular areas are Masaki [near the yacht club], Msasani Peninsula and Oysterbay. All are located near the most popular schools, shopping centers, hospitals, hotels and restaurants. Over the past five to seven years, these areas have grown amazingly fast, and now you can choose all types of accommodation. Many of them have swimming pools, gyms, tennis courts and security systems. Due to the high demand in these areas, rents are much higher and payment terms are rarely less than one year.
Foreigners are not allowed to purchase property. Businesses are only allowed to make purchases under a 99-year lease agreement. Therefore, in general, accommodation is rented. The landlord on the peninsula requires a one-year advance payment. In other areas, some owners requested only six months in advance.
When looking for a home, consider renting furnished accommodation for short periods. Ask for a list of available accommodations but book in advance as Dar es Salaam is rare. There are only two international residential management companies: Knight Frank and Pam Goulding. However, there are three to four good local companies. There are more than 40 hotels and furnished apartments in and around Dar es Salaam: Holiday Inn, Movenpick, Kempinski, Protea and Sun International are the best known hotel chains.
Utilities are generally not included in rental prices. Water is a factor to consider when moving to an area. In some areas, such as the Yacht Club and Masaki, a family of four needs to carry water four times a month for $ 50 each. If DAWASCO [a local company that distributes water around Dar es Salaam] is connected to your house, the cost is about 100,000 TSH [$ 85 per month].
Electricity is another high cost factor. A power-consuming home for air conditioning and appliances, up to 500,000 TSH [$ 430 per month]. TANESCO sells prepaid electricity through its LUKU office from Monday to Saturday. Some garages provide 24-hour service for the sale of LUKU. Natural gas is a very useful alternative to electricity and is easily available, and most DUKA [local shops] sell it late at night. The voltage system is 220, but due to voltage fluctuations, most homes have purchased many protective plugs to prevent their appliances from being damaged by spikes and valleys. Most appliances in Tanzania are available.
Tanzania is considered safe, but the number of petty thieves has increased and there have been gang-related attacks on the lonely. Thefts in the home are rare, but 24-hour security services should be hired.
Immigrants to Dar es Salaam usually attend major private schools. There are more than a dozen schools to choose from in Dar es Salaam, including the IST [Tang Tang Nika International School] in Oysterbay and the IST Elementary School in UPanga. IST is by far the most popular school of choice for expatriates, and for this reason alone, it is difficult to get students to attend immediately. Sometimes your luck is determined by those who graduated from a particular grade. This school is very expensive but has the best record in the city. On the peninsula, Ada Manor and Upanga also have seven selected schools that cater to preschool children. School buses are available, but heavy traffic means that children will spend a long time from the early morning. As a result, many families drive children to and from school.
All schools except IST start in January and end in December. IST starts in September and ends at the end of June. Generally, schools insist on students wearing school uniforms. Sports is not a top priority, but IST does have some activities other than academic activities.
We recommend that you prevent yellow fever and cholera vaccines and talk to your doctor about medicines to prevent malaria. You will not be denied medical services, but admission to Aga Khan and government hospitals is relatively cheap. Most expats go to IST Clinic-Tanany Nika Clinic International School, which is run by professional doctors who charge for all services in USD. If circumstances permit, the local agency will transfer the patient to Kenya, South Africa.
You can call 112 for help due to a medical emergency, fire, or need to contact the police, however, these numbers are rarely answered. It is best to get the emergency phone number of your security company. There are three to four security companies that provide reliable ambulances and medical assistance services. Daktari means "doctor" in "Swahili." Duka la Dawa is a drug store. Tap water is not safe to drink. The use of bottled water is highly recommended.
The traffic in Dar es Salaam is very heavy, especially in the morning and at night. Having your own vehicle is an absolute advantage. If your company's vehicle cannot transport your family, you may need a second vehicle. A large number of expatriates use drivers to avoid traffic stress and the danger of possible accidents. You may need to hire a driver to perform both functions, and generally these people are very reliable and willing to work below zero. Vehicles are usually four-wheel-drive because of poor road conditions. This type of new car sells for $ 30,000 to $ 50,000, but used cars cost between $ 8,000 and $ 15,000.
A Tanzanian driving license is required within six months of arrival. Licensing authorities need both a current driver ’s license for verification and a driver ’s license. Three passport-sized photos and a vision check by a renowned expert [costing 30,000 TSH or US $ 26]. Insurance is not compulsory, but it is highly recommended that you purchase comprehensive comprehensive insurance, as very few local citizens have insurance, so you need to protect your assets.
In Tanzania, you drive on the left. Despite frequent complaints in the media about dangerous driving, dirty uniforms and loud music, public transport in Dar es Salaam is surprisingly efficient, and you can reach it within a radius of less than 20 kilometers [12 miles] One thousand shillings [less than a dollar] anywhere in the city. "Daladals" are shared minibuses throughout the city and are open from 5am to 10pm. For short and frequently used distances, the route is served by cheap tricycles that can accommodate 2 to 3 passengers. Taxis are everywhere. Travel to the airport costs between 20,000 and 30,000 TSH [about $ 17 to $ 26]. In cities, transportation is safe, but is usually very crowded and can be very hot and crowded.
Long-distance buses can be used to take diaspora out of the city. They are good quality and inexpensive, but it is well known that drives can speed things up. If the distance is within 40-50 kilometers [24-30 miles], then taxi will be a good choice. Because the distance from Dar es Salaam to other major tourist attractions is very large, many travelers use local airlines and charter companies to get to these places.
There are many grocery stores where you can buy food and toiletries, including Shoppers Plaza, Shop rite [three points of sale], Game, Village supermarket, and Shrijee & # 39; s [three points of sale]. For fresh produce, there are other "Ducas", but they must be prepared for barter trade at the best prices, so most expats tend to shop at mainstream stores or at strange roadside Dukas. With the exception of fresh food, all other commodities are imported and prices have risen. You can get most things, including local devices, in a wide variety.
There are also several excellent furniture stores. Tanzanians are very good furniture manufacturers and are known for Zanzibar beds, cabinets, bookshelves, side tables and coffee tables. Zanzibar Gate is the grand entrance to a large number of houses.
The expat community is very friendly and there are many entertainment options to choose from. Clubs and groups can meet and integrate with other expats and locals, including Bridge Club, British Council, Dar es Salaam Yacht Club, Diplomatic Spouse Group, Irish Association, Little Theatre, Mahjong, Tanzania Wildlife Associations and more. other. There are not many radio stations. Apart from television, social life is limited to watching movies and dining out. Several groups welcome the newcomer "Karibu". There are night clubs and many bars, but newcomers are advised to go to these places only after they know the city. There are many single and professional expatriates during the contract period.
What a spouse has to do is almost endless. It is common for spouses to travel to the islands near Dar es Salaam to enjoy the sun and eat freshly prepared fish and chips. Sports activities are limited, but golf, tennis and cricket are all very popular social activities. The Sea Cliff Hotel has a bowling alley, while scuba diving and sailing are popular weekend activities.
Babysitters are available and usually have experience working with other immigrant families. They are very reliable and can serve as housekeepers. Home employment contracts are essential and wages are very affordable.
Although Kunduch Hotels and Beach Resorts are the area's most popular kid-friendly attractions, other children's activities are very limited and families are expected to entertain children most of the time. In addition to school-organized activities, families are advised to remain involved in selecting possible venues for teens before allowing them to explore on their own. Discuss the safety of children in the city. There is no real fear of children, but teens are advised not to enter the city on their own.